Scuba diving requires the use of specialized equipment to allow the diver to breathe underwater and to stay safe and comfortable during the dive. The basic equipment used for scuba diving includes:
Dive regulator: This is the device that attaches to the diving cylinder and reduces the high-pressure air inside the cylinder to a breathable pressure for the diver.
Dive cylinder: Also known as a scuba tank, this is the container that holds the compressed air that the diver breathes.
Dive suit: This is the clothing worn by the diver to protect against the cold water, exposure and abrasion. There are different type of dive suit available: Wetsuit, drysuit, semi-dry suit.
Dive weights: These are used to help the diver achieve neutral buoyancy and control their depth underwater.
Dive mask: This is the device that covers the eyes and nose, allowing the diver to see clearly underwater.
Dive fins: These are worn on the feet to help the diver swim efficiently and easily underwater.
Dive computer: This is a device worn on the wrist that helps the diver plan and monitor their dive, including depth and time limits.
Dive knife: A small knife that is carried by the diver for emergency and cutting purposes
Dive light: a torch used to provide light in low visibility conditions and also helps to signal other divers.
Dive slate: a small board used to communicate with other divers underwater, and also to take notes.
Some of these items are considered essential and others are optional, it depends on the dive site, the conditions, and the diver’s level of experience and comfort. In addition to these items, divers may also use additional equipment such as a dive compass, signal tube, and surface marker buoy.